Erin Kilbride | 7 Dec 2013
As the world commemorates the life and death of the legendary Nelson Mandela, let’s take a moment to acknowledge that, for several years now, the country he leaves behind has been selling weapons to some of the planet’s most oppressive regimes.
Bahrain Watch, an independent research and advocacy group, reported in October 2013 that South Africa is one of the top suppliers of teargas to Bahrain, a Gulf nation widely criticized for its indiscriminant and excessive use of the chemical agent against civilians.
Bahrain Watch claims that a South African company and a South Korean manufacturer collectively sold over 1.5 million canisters of tear gas to Bahrain between 2011 and 2012. This number exceeds the country’s entire population.
Just six months prior, reports surfaced that Saudi Arabia had turned to South African defense contractor Denel Dynamics for missiles carrying unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), following the United States’ refusal to provide such weaponry.
Denel had allegedly been “dropping strong hints it was looking for customers in the Middle East, Asia and Africa,” having recently sold the system to the United Arab Emirates.
South Africa emerged as an eager supplier of UAVs in the wake of failed attempts by Gulf countries to buy such systems from western governments. The United States has historically reserved sales of such weapons to domestic partners, the C.I.A., and “long term allies” like Italy and Britain.
As, UPI reports:
U.S. diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks in 2012 showed Washington had turned down requests for UAVs, both surveillance and armed, from Saudi Arabia and the Emirates.
More recently, however, economic pressures resulting from budget cuts to U.S. defense spending have left American defense companies looking to foreign buyers. Gulf nations are some of the most obvious clients. As U.S. export rules are gradually relaxed to accommodate these sales, human rights abuses committed by GCC regimes are ignored.
Critics of oppressive governments in Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Bahrain are beginning to urge the United States to carefully reconsider engaging in further military sales and cooperation with nations boasting sub-par human rights records.
Likewise, while South Africa and its worldwide supporters revere the indomitable Nelson Mandela, governments worldwide would do well to consider how well their arms sales policies reflect their Mandela-day speeches.
Nima Shirazi | 6 Dec 2013
As countless obituaries, eulogies, elegies, panegyrics, and encomia pour in following the death of Nelson Mandela, who died Thursday December 5, 2013 at the age of 95, the sanitization and mythologizing of his principles and legacy is already in full swing across the political spectrum.
We will hear little of the fact that in his courageous and unfaltering stand for freedom and justice, he routinely refused to rhetorically renounce armed resistance to vicious, racist and violent oppression. We will read even less about his outspoken condemnation of the “injustice and gross human rights violations…being perpetrated in Palestine” and how he declared that, even with the fall of Apartheid in South Africa, “we know too well that our freedom is incomplete without the freedom of the Palestinians.”
Endless comparisons between Mandela and Martin Luther King, Jr. will be made in the mainstream; yet few will note that both men were tireless critics and opponents of American aggression and imperialism and reviled by many in the U.S. establishment as threats to the existing power structure. Both consistently linked their own struggles for freedom and equality with global movements for social change, for human rights, for universal dignity. King was relentlessly spied on by the FBI. Mandela languished on the U.S. State Department’s terrorist watch list until 2008. He was almost 90 years old.
While in 1967 King named the United States as “the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today” and spoke out on behalf of the “hundreds of thousands trembling under our violence,” Mandela too castigated the American policies as often dangerous and destructive.
The United States has made serious mistakes in the conduct of its foreign affairs, which have had unfortunate repercussions long after the decisions were taken. Unqualified support of the Shah of Iran led directly to the Islamic revolution of 1979. Then the United States chose to arm and finance the [Islamic] mujahedin in Afghanistan instead of supporting and encouraging the moderate wing of the government of Afghanistan. That is what led to the Taliban in Afghanistan.
Mandela continued, “If you look at those matters, you will come to the conclusion that the attitude of the United States of America is a threat to world peace,” and called the looming war crimes in Iraq “clearly a decision that is motivated by George W. Bush’s desire to please the arms and oil industries in the United States of America.”
In the same interview, Mandela pointed out that, while there was “no evidence whatsoever” that Iraq had or was developing WMD, “what we know is that Israel has weapons of mass destruction. Nobody talks about that. Why should there be one standard for one country, especially because it is black, and another one for another country, Israel, that is white.”
Of all the pieces written about Mandela today and in the future, one must wonder how often we will read these words.
Months later, in early 2003, Mandela told the International Women’s Forum, ”It’s a tragedy what’s happening, what Bush is doing. All Bush wants is Iraqi oil. There is no doubt that the US is behaving badly. Why are they not seeking to confiscate weapons of mass destruction from their ally Israel? This is just an excuse to get Iraq’s oil.”
“If there is a country that has committed unspeakable atrocities in the world, it is the United States of America,” he added.
Musa Okwongo wrote this morning, “Dear revisionists, Mandela will never, ever be your minstrel. Over the next few days you will try so, so hard to make him something he was not, and you will fail. You will try to smooth him, to sandblast him, to take away his Malcolm X. You will try to hide his anger from view.” Nevertheless, Okwongo insists:
Nelson Mandela was not a god, floating elegantly above us and saving us. He was utterly, thoroughly human, and he did all he did in spite of people like you. There is no need to name you because you know who you are, we know who you are, and you know we know that too. You didn’t break him in life, and you won’t shape him in death. You will try, wherever you are, and you will fail.